This core theme (CT) consists of three workpages that aim to improve the representation of a number of important processes in the 5 Earth system models of ESM2025: WP1 – Atmospheric processes, WP2 – Land processes, and WP3 – Ocean, Marine Biogeochemistry and Cryosphere processes . The developments made in CT1 will feed into a new generation of ESMs with a more complete representation of key biogemical cycles.
We will develop and implement a range of new or improved process descriptions (called parameterizations) into the ESMs and evaluate their performance against a range of observations. Using these observations, backed up by theoretical understanding of the processes in question, we will then modify the new parameterizations to ensure they reproduce sufficiently well the observed process behaviour. Once a new scheme is working sufficiently well, it will be combined with other updated parameterizations and the overall model component (atmosphere, ocean, ice, land) is run for the recent past to ascertain the new parameterizations deliver an expected behaviour when combined. Once each individual model component is deemed to be working sufficiently well, they are then coupled together and will be used in CT2 to make future Earth system projections.
Improving processes realism in ESMs
WP1: Atmosphere processes
WP2: Land processes
WP3: Ocean, marine biogeochemistry and cryosphere processes
Enabling and exploring new couplings between Earth system components
WP5+WP5: Coupled CH4 cycle
WP6+WP7: Coupled Nitrogen cycle
WP8+WP9: Coupled Dynamical Ice sheets
Connecting with IAMs
WP10: Improving IAM-ESM land use representation
WP11+WP12: Improving reduced complexity climate-carbon cycle models
WP13: Assesment of robust climate mitigation options
Outreach, knowledge exchange and project management
WP14: Operationalisation of the Paris Agreement: Bringing policy and science together and sharing knoledge with the public
WP15: Education and vocational training
WP16: Project and data
WP17: Ethics requirements
Cross-cutting activity 2 - Coordinated and demonstration simulations
Cross-cutting activity 1 - Model evaluation
Head of UK ESM, NCAS Professor Univ. Leeds, based at Met Office Hadley Centre - Exeter (UK)
I head the UK Earth system model (UKESM) development team. We are responsible for developing, releasing and supporting the use of UK Earth system models. The UKESM team is a collaboration of 22 scientists from NERC research centres and the Met. Office Hadley Centre.
I am also a senior scientist in the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS) and a professor at the University of Leeds. I am based at the Met office in Exeter, UK. Prior to working in the UK, I was head of the Rossby Centre at the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) and before that Director of the Canadian Regional Climate Modeling Network, based in Montreal.
I was born and grew up in Wale. I have three grown up children, now aged 27, 25 and 21, who all live in Sweden. I am a keen cyclist and a supporter of Liverpool FC.
My primary role is to coordinate the model development carried out across CT1. I will also contribute to the science dissemination arm of the project and oversee UKESM contributions to ESM2025.
Research scientist, German Aerospace Center - Oberpfaffenhofen (Germany)
I am a research scientist at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Oberpfaffenhofen/Germany. I work in the Earth System Model Evaluation and Analysis department that is headed by Veronika Eyring. My main research interests are the global evolution of stratospheric ozone and water vapor, as well as atmospheric methane. Since January 2021 I am Co-PI of the Earth System Evaluation Tool (ESMValTool), a community-developed open-source software tool that facilitates evaluation and analysis of output from ESMs. Before I started my position at DLR, I was working for almost seven years at NOAA in Boulder/USA, first with Susan Solomon and later with Karen Rosenlof. During my PhD I spent two years working at NIWA in Lauder/New Zealand.
While I have been told that I have an accent in English that is a combination of influences from the US and New Zealand, you can clearly hear when I speak German that I grew up in Swabia (strong Swabian accent…). I love to spend time outdoors, either rowing crew or hiking, and I also sing in a choir with which I perform classical choir pieces on a regular basis.
My primary role is to coordinate the model evaluation carried out across CT1. I am also part of WP 4/5 (Methane cycle) for which I will perform the evaluation of the new model simulations with the ESMValTool.